Chronic Cough : understanding, symptom, Cause, diagnosis, Treatment and complication


A chronic cough is a cough that lasts over a long period, which is about two months or more in adults, and one month or more in children. A chronic cough in itself is not a disease but a symptom of other health problems.

Chronic Cough : understanding, symptom, Cause, diagnosis, Treatment and complication

There are several types of a chronic cough, including:

Causes of a chronic cough

Here are some of the causes of a chronic cough are relatively common, among them:

Although rare, there are also a number of other things that can cause chronic stones, such as:

  • Aspirations. Or the insertion of foreign objects into the respiratory tract. In adults, the aspiration is usually caused by choking on food or drinks, while in children is usually caused by foreign objects (toys).
  • Bronchiolitis. Respiratory tract infections that cause inflammation and blockage in the bronchioles.
  • Bronchiectasis. Damage to the respiratory tract.
  • Laryngeal-pharyngeal reflux. Stomach acid that rises to the throat.
  • Cystic Fibrosis. A disease that causes mucus in the body to become thick and sticky.
  • Nonasthmatic eosinophilic bronchitis. Inflammation of the respiratory tract without the factor of asthma.
  • Sarcoidosis. The combination of inflammatory cells in the body, usually in the lungs.
  • Lung cancer.
  • Cardiovascular conditions. Covering heart failure, pulmonary embolism, until the swelling of the main blood vessel (aneurysm of the aorta).
  • Lack of vitamin B- One of the symptoms of vitamin B12 deficiency, namely sensory neuropathy, thought to be one cause of a chronic cough.

Symptoms of a chronic cough

Symptoms that accompany a chronic cough varied, from a still relatively mild, so serious. Some of the associated symptoms of a chronic cough are still relatively mild are:

  • Runny or stuffy nose
  • Feels like there is liquid flowing continuously behind the throat (postnasal drip)
  • Sore throat
  • Hoarseness
  • Shortness of breath and wheezing voice
  • Heartburn and sour feeling in the mouth

While the accompanying symptoms of a dry cough are relatively more serious, but rare are:

  • Cold sweat at night
  • High fever
  • Lost weight
  • Pain in the chest
  • coughing up blood

See your doctor if a cough does not go stop until 8 weeks, or experience any of the symptoms above.

Diagnosis of a chronic cough

At this early stage, the doctor will usually perform a physical exam and ask about your medical history, when the perceived symptoms, smoking habits, environmental conditions, the treatment that is being executed, to a place you’ve visited before symptoms appear. If suspected symptoms of a chronic cough, your doctor may suggest doing a series of tests, such as:

Treatment of a chronic cough

Depending on the type of symptoms suffered, some of the following treatments may be recommended:

Talk to your doctor before taking a drug-free, especially for users of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE inhibitors) or patients aged 4 years and under to avoid harmful side effects.

Complications of a chronic cough

In addition to causing anxiety and annoyance, chronic cough symptoms that do not stop can result in some further complications, such as:

  • Rib fracture when coughing too tight
  • Dizzy
  • Headache
  • difficulty sleeping
  • Fainting (syncope)
  • Excess urine (urinary incontinence)

Immediately see a doctor when experiencing symptoms of a chronic cough in order to avoid further complications, or when experiencing any of these complications.

Prevention of a chronic cough

In addition, to treat it appropriately when coughing appears, the following points can we do to lower the risk of a chronic cough, among them:

  • Drinking warm beverages like water or tea regularly to thin the mucus that collects in the throat. Hot soup could be an option.
  • Suck on cough sweets to relieve throat irritation.
  • Avoid smoking and smokers to smoke environment not settle in the lungs.
  • If your stomach acid patients, it is advisable to avoid trigger foods and beverages such as spicy food, acid, mint, chocolate, and caffeine.
  • Add moisture in the air conditioning to increase the humidity of the air and launch the stalled respiratory tract. If not possible, take a bath with warm water or live steam.
  • Use nasal sprays or therapy Neti Pot (nasal irrigation using saline solution) to remove mucus in the airways. Read the manufacturer’s instructions and be careful when using a neti pot so as not to cause further irritation.

If conditions worsen, see your doctor for further treatment.

source :

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *